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Artificial intelligence and machine learning basics

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Artificial intelligence and machine learning basics

Artificial intelligence is one of the most successful technologies we have ever come across. Intelligent machines were something that humans pondered upon. Now this technology has unidentified potential. From image understanding to cancer detection, it has the ability to do countless things.

Despite of its prevalence, most of us are not much aware of AI and machine learning. Understanding the basic facts is essential to get an idea of how it can change the world in future. Here are some of the basic facts you need to know about this technology.

Machine learning and applications

There is a very high chance that you would have interacted with some form of AI today. Using your email is also a part of it. These regularly used softwares now have the ability to learn by themselves. Even though currently, these machines cannot think outside their prescribed code, machine learning is a branch where machines will be given the ability to perform outside the code. You can learn more about machine learning internship as well.

Image-recognition machine is a solid example where the machine is given millions of pictures for analysis. After analyzing number of permutations, machine gets the ability to analyze different faces, patterns and shapes. This is known as machine learning. AI has come up with different applications where the benefits of machine learning are being utilized to its most.

Deep learning

Machines are now getting to learn more and more than we ever thought of. General-purpose algorithms are being generated by scientists that help the machines to learn more than one specific task. It is made possible through the technology named artificial neutral networks. This is an imitation of brain cells called neurons. The models utilize computer science and mathematics principles to imitate the actual processes of human brain. This gives more room for general learning.

Rather than being specific, AI is now becoming more general. It has become more expansive in terms of learning. The processes of interconnected brain cells are stimulated by the AI. Rather than being built in a biological manner, these imitated neurons are built from codes.

These networks are usually built of 3 basic layers – hidden layer, input layer and the output layer. There are millions of nodes within these layers. Input layer is being fed with some information. Certain weight is given to the input layer. The weight is being multiplied by interconnected nodes as they travel. If a certain threshold is reached by the unit of information, then it passes onto the next layer. The outputs are compared from a neutral network in order for the machine to learn from experience.

The bottom line

AI and machine learning is at its peak. Almost all industries out there have incorporated these concepts in some way or another. It is perhaps one of the most dominant technologies of this era. Moreover, AI tends to develop on regular basis. It has been anticipated that AI will be taken to a whole new level within the next few years.

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