A substantial fraction of the Neanderthal genome persists in modern human populations. A new approach applied to analyzing whole-genome sequencing data from 665 people from Europe and East Asia shows that more than 20 percent of the Neanderthal genome survives in the DNA of this contemporary group, whose genetic information is part of the 1,000 Genomes Project.
Just like us, Neanderthals were mostly right-handed, new research has confirmed - possibly indicating a capacity for language.
A mysterious sister species to Neanderthals once roamed Africa, interbreeding with human ancestors.
The well-known cave paintings at El Castillo in Northern Spain possibly weren't produced by modern humans at all, say scientists, but by Neanderthals.
European Neanderthals were on the verge of extinction even before moderns humans arrived on the scene, a DNA analysis has shown.