Following widespread criticism, the UN has failed to win consensus on its planned internet regulation treaty.
The battle lines are being drawn over proposals by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) which would give national governments more control over the internet.
The ITU Radiocommunication Assembly has decided to hang on to the leap second for three more years, keeping the world's atomic clocks in synch with the Earth's rotation.
Federal Communications Commissioner (FCC) Robert McDowell says Internet freedom is under threat by emerging global powers seeking a salient increase in government regulation.
A third of the world's population will be online by the end of the year, according to a report from the International Telecommunications Union.