'Nile river' discovered on Titan

NASA's Cassini spacecraft has spotted a river valley on Titan that looks a lot like the Nile - the largest river system ever seen anywhere but Earth.

Early Earth had periodic organic haze

The early Earth flipped back and forth between a hydrocarbon-free atmosphere and a hydrocarbon-rich one similar to that of Saturn's moon, Titan.

Complex molecules discovered on Pluto

Scientists have discovered new evidence indicating that there may be complex hydrocarbons on the surface of Pluto.

Artificial photosynthesis closer to reality


Photosynthesis is the process that allows plants to use solar energy to convert carbon dioxide (CO2) and water into sugars and other hydrocarbons.