Report: Nutrient-rich forests absorb more carbon

The ability of forests to sequester carbon from the atmosphere depends on nutrients available in the forest soils, shows new research from an international team of researchers, including IIASA.

Report: Amazon inhales more carbon than it emits

A new NASA-led study seven years in the making has confirmed that natural forests in the Amazon remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than they emit, therefore reducing global warming. This finding resolves a long-standing debate about a key component of the overall carbon balance of the Amazon basin.

Carbon cycle models underestimate indirect role of animals

Animal populations can have a far more significant impact on carbon storage and exchange in regional ecosystems than is typically recognized by global carbon models, according to a new paper authored by researchers at the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies (F&ES).

New Form of Carbon is Stronger Than Graphene and Diamond

Chemists have calculated that chains of double or triple-bonded carbon atoms, known as carbyne, should be stronger and stiffer than any known material The sixth element, carbon, has given us an amazing abundance of extraordinary materials. Once there was simply carbon, graphite and diamond. But in recent years ...

Evolution 'surprisingly predictable', says team

Scientists have shown that similar - or even identical - mutations can take place in completely separate populations of E. coli evolving in different environments over more than 1,000 generations.

Vesta's black patches reveal carbon-rich asteroid impacts

New data from NASA's Dawn mission bears out the theory that the dark color of the protoplanet Vesta is caused by the impact of carbon-rich asteroids.

Nanotube breakthrough promises replacement for silicon

IBM says it's made a big step towards the commercial production of carbon nanotube-based computer chips.

Thawing permafrost could lead to massive carbon release

As much as 44 billion tons of nitrogen and 850 billion tons of carbon stored in arctic permafrost could be released into the environment over the next century by the effects of global warming.

Future airports to launch planes with a "slingshot"

While more convenient and enjoyable than long distance trips by road or rail, flying is one of the most carbon heavy ways to travel. 

How your pee can combat global warming

Spanish researchers have discovered a novel way of removing carbon from the atmosphere - urine.

New type of carbon is hard enough to dent diamonds

A new form of very hard carbon clusters with a rather unusual structure is so hard it dented the diamond anvil used in its creation.

Nanoparticles are major threat to health

Nanoparticles in the environment can cause serious auto-immune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, say scientists.

Organic carbon originated on Mars

New, NASA-funded research indicates that very large molecules containing carbon - a key ingredient for the building blocks of life - have originated on Mars.

Most glacial carbon 'human-made'

The Earth's remote ecosystems may have been far more influenced by the industrial revolution than thought, say researchers from the Skidaway Institute of Oceanography.

Carbon emissions reach record high

Global carbon emissions have hit a record 10 billion tons, rising by 49 per cent in the last two decades.

Major carbon sequestration project kicks off in Illinois

The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium (MGSC) has embarked on  the first million-tonne demonstration of carbon sequestration in the US.

Biofuels 'as carbon intensive as gasoline'

A new study on greenhouse gas emissions from oil palm plantations has found there's more than 50 percent more CO2 emissions than previously thought – making them no better than gasoline.

Melting permafrost could ramp up global warming

Thawing permafrost could release billions of tons of carbon into the atmosphere by the end of this century, further accelerating global warming.

Breeding new crops could slash CO2 levels

Breeding deeper-rooted crop plants could dramatically lower CO2 levels in the atmosphere, a University of Manchester scientist claims.

Forests are world's biggest carbon sink

Forests account for almost all of the world's land-based carbon uptake, a new report shows, helping end uncertainty about just how much carbon is being stored, and where.