University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers say they've established certain key features in proteins that are needed for life to function on Mars and other extreme environments.
If you need help in snow and ice, who better to ask for help than a yeti?
An American research team has successfully drilled through 2,600 feet of Antarctic ice to reach a subglacial lake and collect water and sediment samples that have been isolated for thousands of years.
The ambitious attempt to drill through two miles of ice to reach an Antarctic lake has been called off, following problems with the boiler used to heat water for drilling.
In support of their views, climate change skeptics have long pointed to the fact that Antarctic sea ice - unlike that in the Arctic - is actually growing.
The hole in the ozone layer over the Antarctic was the second smallest in the last two decades, data from NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellites shows.
A massive reservoir of the greenhouse gas methane could be lying hidden beneath the Antarctic Ice Sheet, in a ticking time bomb for climate change.
Scientists have discovered a valley a mile deep, hidden beneath the ice in West Antarctica.
If global temperatures continue to rise, Emperor penguins may eventually disappear from their East Antarctic home, according to a new study by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) researchers.
The loss of Antarctic ice is caused mainly by warm ocean currents attacking the underside of ice shelves, a new NASA study has revealed.
Scientists have been able to count the number of emperor penguins in Antarctica by using satellite mapping technology - and there's twice as many as previously thought, they say.
Russian scientists have successfully drilled through approximately 2.5 miles of ice to reach the surface of an ancient sub-glacial Antarctic lake.
A team of four British engineers has completed the first stage of an ambitious project to explore an Antarcic lake.
Several previously-unknown species have been discovered on the seafloor near Antarctica, clustered around hydrothermal vents.
The appearance of the Antarctic ice sheets was triggered by a massive fall in the amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide, new research has found.
A NASA-funded team of scientists is to drill into a rapidly-thinning Antarctic glacier to try and establish the effect its melting will have on sea levels.
There's still a considerable hole in the Antarctic ozone layer, say scientists, with this year's peak the ninth largest in the 26 year record.
It's natural, perhaps, to associate solar power with the hot places of the world.
NASA-funded researchers have discovered new ice formations moving across Antarctica, after creating the first complete map of the speed and direction of ice flow.
"It’s like a scene out of a sci-fi movie," says the team – millions of king crabs marching up from the deep waters of the Antarctic to conquer territory they haven't visited for hundreds of thousands of years.