Scientists have developed a method to turn skin cells into Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPS cells), which are on their way to becoming a second alternative to embryonic stem cells for related research. This advancement further demonstrates how science can address the moral and ethical concerns relating to such things as embryonic stem cell research, if only given a few years to sort it out.
Researchers have identified the oldest words in the English language to be the words I, we and who, along with the numbers 1, 2 and 3. These are among the oldest words in all Indo-European languages, according to the report. They also claim such fundamental words as squeeze, guts, stick, throw and dirty are all heading for "history's dustbin," along with a host of others.
Scientists from Queen Mary, University of London, and the University of Fribourg in Switzerland, have reportedly discovered that magnetism is involved behind the scenes in high temperature superconductors. The team has been studying two different types of materials used for relatively high temperature superconductors. They believe with continued study the precise mechanisms in place can be identified and applied to an even higher temperature class of materials, making the ultimate dream of room-temperature superconductors now more possible than ever.
A Google Ocean image of an underwater section of the Atlantic ocean at 31 15'15.53N 24 15'30.53W is drawing wide attention as a possible location of the lost city of Atlantis. The location is about 700 miles off the coasts of Morocco and Portugal and fits in very nicely with the whereabouts of Atlantis, as described by Plato.
A nearly complete set of fossils from a gigantic Columbian mammoth was discovered by scientists at the La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles, along with a collection of other bones from Ice Age animals. This discovery will aid scientists in trying to determine what life was like in that area until about 40,000 years ago.
Diamonds are made from carbon atoms that have undergone a process aligning them in an isometric-hexoctahedral crystal lattice. Clear to yellow, sometimes flawless, diamonds are also the second most stable form of carbon (behind graphite). However, diamonds are no longer the hardest natural substance -- at least not according to New Scientist. That honor now falls to lonsdaleite, which is 58% harder than diamonds.
Yesterday, CERN announced that it has confirmed an updated restart schedule for the ailing Large Hadron Collider. While the "first beams" will be seen in September, no true collisions will be activated until late October. The forecast also shows a shutdown over Christmas, where it will run through until Fall, 2010.
Scientists in Asia studying butterflies have made an interesting observation regarding their wings and the collection of solar energy. This simple research could lead to more efficient solar cells for powering homes and businesses.
A prototype planet rover robot being developed by NASA and Caltech could someday lend more research data about other planets in our solar system to scientists. It might also be able to help in search-and-rescue operations back here on Earth.
Scientists researching the many mysteries of the eye have determined which specific chemical processes occur to allow vision transmission to the brain for processing. It is hoped that this discovery will lead to the development of new treatments for some forms of blindness and vision disorders, restoring sight for many types of vision afflictions.
More information has now surfaced about findings from a recent expedition to a previously hidden forest in Mozambique - which was discovered by scientists searching through Google Earth's aerial views. Included in their findings are newly discovered species of butterflies, snakes, along with seven threatened bird species.