New radiocarbon dating suggests that Neanderthals may not have lived alongside Homo sapiens in southern Europe as thought - let alone interbred with us.
A new kind of flying reptile from the late Cretaceous has been identified from bones found in Romania's Transylvanian Basin.
The University of Leicester has today confirmed that the bones found in a local council parking lot last year are indeed those of Richard III, the last English king to die in battle.
If you or I tried to swivel our head round by 270 degrees, we'd cut off the blood supply to our brains and pass out - or worse. But owls manage it: and now scientists have worked out how.
It really is all our fault: the Tasmanian Tiger, or thylacine, was wiped out entirely by human actions; disease didn't play a part, as was previously thought.
A multinational team says it's finally explained how the behavior of plasma - the extremely hot gases of nuclear fusion - can be controlled using ultra-thin lithium films on graphite walls lining thermonuclear magnetic fusion devices.
Getting superpowers in a game makes people more altruistic, say Stanford researchers, who have found that the ability to fly makes you more willing to help others.
For the first time, researchers have been able to observe the thoughts of a living fish while it engages in its natural behavior.
Paleontology isn't always about tyrannosaurs and pterodons: sometimes it's quite a lot less glamorous.
A group of researchers has poured scorn on the idea that a comet wiped out the North American Clovis people 13,000 years ago.
The fossil record can show evidence of sexual selection, say researchers, revealing how members of a species attract a mate.
An American research team has successfully drilled through 2,600 feet of Antarctic ice to reach a subglacial lake and collect water and sediment samples that have been isolated for thousands of years.
Ancient bones discovered more than a century ago have been identified as a new species of marine super-predator.
Large numbers of microorganisms, mostly bacteria, have been discovered five miles up in the sky.
A feathered dinosaur has been discovered that existed way before the bird-like dinosaurs that birds have generally been thought to have evolved from.
The ancient Egyptians associated the dung beetle with the sun, seeing a parallel between the way it rolls its ball of dung and the way the sun moves across the sky.
One key way dogs differ from wolves, scientists have discovered, is in their ability to digest starchy foods, indicating that the split between the two species may have come about as dogs adapted to scavenging human leftovers.
Wildlife Conservation Society scientists have discovered a healthy population of lowland tapirs in a network of national parks spanning the Peru-Bolivia border.
Super-small particles of silicon react with water to produce hydrogen almost instantaneously, University at Buffalo researchers have discovered.
Men, and particularly senior men, are more likely to commit scientific fraud than women, say researchers - who we have to hope we can trust on the matter.